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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4300.1.11

Emarginula poppeorum and Acteon fasuloi: replacement names for the reoccupied taxa Emarginula gigantea Poppe, 2008 and Acteon elongatus Castellanos, Rolán & Bartolotta, 1987 (Mollusca: Gastropoda)

LUIGI ROMANI, EMILIO ROLÁN, LUIZ R. L. SIMONE, FABIO CROCETTA

Abstract


According to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 2012: art 57.2), identical species-group names established for different nominal taxa, when originally combined with the same generic name, are primary homonyms. The junior name becomes therefore permanently invalid, except in few selected cases, which however are not met in the two species we will deal with below. The Principle of Priority requires that if a name in use for a taxon is found to be unavailable or invalid, it must be replaced by the next oldest available name from among its synonyms, including the names of the contained taxa of the same group (e.g., subgenera within genera), if that name is not itself invalid. If the rejected name has no potentially valid synonym a new substitute name must be established in its place (ICZN, 2012: art 23.3.5, art. 60). This is the case of two recently described extant molluscan taxa, whose specific names are preoccupied by homonymous fossil taxa.

 


Keywords


Mollusca, Gastropoda

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa