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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4576.2.6

A new species of Microschemobrycon (Characiformes: Characidae) from Rio Xingu basin, Brazil

WILLIAN M. OHARA, FERNADO C. JEREP, MARCEL R. CAVALLARO

Abstract


A new species of Microschemobrycon with a restricted distribution was recently discovered in the Rio Curuá, Rio Xingu basin, Pará, Brazil. Microschemobrycon cryptogrammus new species can be promptly distinguished from all congeners by the presence of a rounded, dark, conspicuous caudal-peduncle blotch and by a subjacent dark midlateral stripe visible in life. Additionally, the new species can be distinguished from all its congeners, except M. elongatus, by the presence of a longitudinal dark stripe along the lower jaw. The new species can be distinguished from M. elongatus by presenting lateral line with 36–38 pored scales, anterior and posterior nostrils coalescend, dark chromatophores concentrated along the ventral margin of the caudal peduncle and by the presence in life of a dark spot at the base of the dorsal-fin origin.

 


Keywords


Pisces, Microschemobrycon elongatus, miniaturization, body transparency, Aphyoditeinae

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa