DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/10.6.1435

Records of Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Parque Estadual Mata São Francisco, Paraná, Brazil

João Lucas Chavari, Nikolas Gioia Cipola, Antonio Domingos Brescovit

Abstract


A list of spider species recorded from the Parque Estadual Mata São Francisco, Paraná, Brazil was compiled based on 7,942 specimens, of which 2,872 are adults (36.15%) and 5,071 are juveniles (63.85%). Adults were identified as belonging to 45 families, 140 genera and 209 species and morphospecies (101 nominal species and 108 morphotypes). Forty-one species were recorded for the first time from the state of Paraná, most of them belonging to Araneidae (14), Oonopidae (4), Theridiidae (4), and Uloboridae (3). Conifaber guarani Grismado, 2004 and Oonops nigromaculatus Mello- Leitão, 1944 were recorded for the first time from Brazil. These results place Paraná as the sixth state with the highest number of records of spiders from Brazil, currently 465 species. This study increases in 10% the number of species recorded from Paraná, and the Atlantic Forest fragment becomes one of the most well sampled areas in the state, with 20% of all known species in Paraná.

Keywords


inventory; spiders; Neotropical; biodiversity; Atlantic Forest; Paraná; Brazil

Full Text:

PDF/A

References


Álvares, E.S.S., E.O. Machado, M. De Maria, and C.S. Azevedo. 2004. Composition of the spider assemblage in an urban forest reserve in southeastern Brazil and evaluation of two sampling method protocols of species richness estimates. Revista Ibérica de Aracnologia 10(1): 185–194 (https://www.sea-entomologia.org/Publicaciones/ RevistaIbericaAracnologia/RIA10/RIA10.htm).

Azevedo, G.H.F., B.T., Faleiro, I.L.F. Magalhães, A.R. Benedetti, U. Oliveira, J.P.P. Pena-Barbosa, M.T.T. Santos, P.F. Vilela, M. de Maria and A.J. Santos. 2014. Effectiveness of sampling methods and further sampling for accessing spider diversity: A case study in a Brazilian Atlantic rainforest fragment. Insect Conservation and Diversity 7(4): 381–391 (doi: 10.1111/icad.12061).

Barreiros, J.A.P., R. Pinto-da-Rocha and A.B. Bonaldo. 2005. Abundância e fenologia de Cryptocellus simonis Hansen and Sorensen, 1904 (Ricinulei, Arachnida) na serapilheira do Bosque Rodrigues Alves, Belém, Pará, Brasil, com a comparação de três técnicas de coleta. Biota Neotropica 5(1): 1–9 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032005000200006).

Bonaldo, A.B., M.A.L. Marques, R. Pinto-da-Rocha and T.A. Gardner. 2007. Species richness and community structure of arboreal spider assemblages in fragments of three vegetational types at Banhado Grande wet plain, Gravataí River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia. Porto Alegre 97(1): 143–151 (doi: 10.1590/S0073- 47212007000200003).

Bornschein, M.R. and B.L. Reinert. 2000. Aves de três remanescentes florestais do norte do Estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil, com sugestões para a conservação e manejo. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 17(3): 615–636 (doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752000000300008).

Brescovit, A.D., U. Oliveira and A.J. Santos. 2011. Aranhas (Araneae, Arachnida) do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil: diversidade, esforço amostral e estado do conhecimento. Biota Neotropica 11(1a): 1–31 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032011000500035).

Buschini, M.L.T., N. Borda and A.D. Brescovit. 2010a. Prey selection in the trap-nesting wasp Trypoxylon (Trypargilum) opacum Brèthes (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae). Brazilian Journal of Biology 70(3): 529–536 (doi: 10.1590/S1519-69842010000300009).

Buschini, M.L.T., T.R. Caldas, N.A, Borba and A.D. Brescovit. 2010b. Spiders used as prey by the hunting wasp Trypoxylon (trypargilum) agamemnon Richards (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae). Zoological Studies 49(2): 169–175 (http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/492.htm).

Carvalho, L.S. and M.T.L. Avelino. 2010. Composição e diversidade da fauna de aranhas (Arachnida, Araneae) da Fazenda Nazareth, Município de José de Freitas, Piauí, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 10(3): 21–31 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032010000300001).

Coddington, J.A., C.E. Griswold, D.S. Davila, E. Penaranda and S.F. Larcher. 1991. Designing and testing sampling protocols to estimate biodiversity in tropical ecosystems; pp. 44–60, in: E.C. Dudley (ed.). The Unity of Evolutionary Biology: Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology. Volume I. Portland, Oregon: Dioscorides Press.

Dias, S.C., A.D. Brescovit, E.C.G. Couto and C.F. Martins. 2006. Species richness and seasonality of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in an urban Atlantic Forest fragment in Northeastern Brazil. Urban Ecosystems 9(1): 323–335 (doi: 10.1007/s11252-006-0002-7).

Foelix, R.F. 1996. Biology of Spiders. (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. 336 pp.

IAPAR. 2013. Cartas climáticas básicas do Estado do Paraná. Londrina, Fundação Instituto Agronômico do Paraná. Accessible at http:// www.iapar.br/modules/conteudo/conteudo.php?conteudo=856. Captured on 19 May 2013.

Indicatti, R.P., D.F. Candiani, A.D. Brescovit and H.F. Japyassú. 2005. Diversidade de Aranhas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Solo na Bacia do Reservatório do Guarapiranga, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 5(1): 1-12 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032005000200013).

Keyserling, E. 1880. Die Spinnen Amerikas, I. Laterigradae. Nürnberg 4(1): 1–283.

Levi, H.W. 1967. Habitat observations, records, and new South American theridiid spiders (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 136: 21–38 (http://www.biodiversitylibrary. org/part/6903#/summary).

Levi, H.W. 1985. The spiny orb-weaver genera Micrathena and Chaetacis (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 150(8): 429–618 (http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4313780).

Levi, H.W. 1988. The Neotropical orb-weaving spiders of the genus Alpaida (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 151(7): 365–487 (http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4779198).

Levi, H.W. 1991. The Neotropical orb-weaver genera Edricus and Wagneriana (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 152: 363–415 (http://biodiversitylibrary.org/ page/4782210).

Levi, H.W. 1993. The Neotropical orb-weaving spiders of the genera Wixia, Pozonia, and Ocrepeira (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 153: 47–141 (http://biodiversitylibrary. org/page/4280867).

Lopes, J., F.P. Santos and I.M. Medri. 2006. Araneofauna Capturada no Interior da Mata e Área de Pastagem Adjacente, no Norte do Paraná, Brasil. Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Londrina 27(2): 133– 138 (doi: 10.5433/1679-0367.2006v27n2p133).

Lopes, J., F.P. Santos, V.V.M. Marçal, M.P.B.P. Nunes and L.L Catelli. 2008. Araneofauna capturada na mata e área aberta adjacente, no norte do Paraná, Brasil. Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Londrina 29(1): 41–46 (doi: 10.5433/1679-0367.2008v29n1p41).

Maack, R. 1950. Mapa fitogeográfico do Estado do Paraná. Curitiba, Secretaria de Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio, I mapa, escala 1:750.000.

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de. 1941. Aranhas do Paraná. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico de São Paulo 11(30): 235–257.

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de. 1947. Aranhas do Paraná e Santa Catarina, das coleções dos museus paranaenses. Arquivos do Museu Paranaense 7(1): 231–325.

Nogueira, A.A., R. Pinto-da-Rocha and A.D. Brescovit. 2006. Orb-weavers spiders (Arachnida-Araneae) community in the Reserva Florestal do Morro Grande region, Cotia, São Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 6(2): 1–24 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032006000200010).

Pinto-da-Rocha, R. 1995. Sinopse da fauna cavernícola do Brasil (1907– 1994). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, São Paulo, 39(6): 61–172.

Platnick, N.I. 2014. The World Spider Catalog, Version 15. The American Museum of Natural History. Accessible at http://research.amnh.org/ entomology/spiders/catalog/ind ex.html. Captured on 7 July 2014.

World Spider Catalog. 2014. World Spider Catalog, version 15.5. Natural History Museum Bern. Accessible at http://wsc.nmbe.ch. Captured on 22 October 2014.

Platnick, N.I., N. Dupérré, D. Ubick and W. Fannes. 2012. Got males? The enigmatic goblin spider genus Triaeris (Araneae, Oonopidae). American Museum Novitates 3756: 1–36 (http://hdl.handle. net/2246/6369).

Podgaiski, L.R., R. Ott, E.N.L. Rodrigues, E.H. Buckup and M.A. de L. Marques. 2007. Araneofauna (Arachnida; Araneae) do Parque Estadual do Turvo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 7(2): 1–15 (doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000200023).

Silva, E.L.C. (2005) Distribuição e diversidade das espécies de aranhas (Araneae) coletadas na região de Tainhas e Terra de Areia, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências 7(2): 285–296 (http://zoociencias.ufjf.emnuvens.com.br/zoociencias/search/ titles?searchPage=7).

Selden, P.A., W.A. Shear and P.M. Bonamo. 1991. A spider and others arachnids from the Devonian of New York, and reinterpretations of Devonian Araneae. Palaeontology 34(2): 241–281 (http://hdl. handle.net/1808/8336).

Simon, E. 1893. Descriptions d’espèces et de genres nouveaux de l’ordre des Araneae. Annales de la Societé Entomologique de France 62(1): 299–330 (http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/16714#/ summary).

Tomé, M.V.D.F., É. Miglioranza, A.H.T. de Vilhena and É. de P. Fonseca. 1999. Composição florística e fitossociologica do Parque Estadual Mata São Francisco. Revista do Instituto Florestal 11(1): 13–23 (http://www. iflorestal.sp.gov.br/RIF/RevistaIF/RIF11-1/RIF11-1_13-23.pdf).

Tourinho, A.L, L.S. Lança, F.B. Baccaro, S.C. Dias. 2014. Complementarity among sampling methods for harvestman assemblages. Pedobiologia 57(1): 37–45 (doi: 10.1016/j.pedobi.2013.09.007).