Tree species of the Himalayan Terai region of Uttar Pradesh, India: a checklist

Omesh Bajpai, Anoop Kumar, Awadhesh Kumar Srivastava, Arun Kumar Kushwaha, Jitendra Pandey, Lal Babu Chaudhary


The study catalogues a sum of 278 tree species belonging to 185 genera and 57 families from the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh. The family Fabaceae has been found to exhibit the highest generic and species diversity with 23 genera and 44 species. The genus Ficus of Moraceae has been observed the largest with 15 species. About 50% species exhibit deciduous nature in the forest. Out of total species occurring in the region, about 63% are native to India. Almost all tree species have some importance in one and another way for the local people. In the study area about 80 species flower in the spring, 74 in the summer, 73 in the winter and 30 in rainy season. As per the existing IUCN Red List, 24 species of the area fall under different categories. Presence of these red listed trees in the study area enhances the importance of their proper management and conservation plan. 


trees; Terai region; phenology; economic importance; Nativity, Uttar Pradesh

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