DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/13.3.2146

Sympatry and syntopy of cichlids (Teleostei: Cichlidae) in the Selva Central, upper Ucayali river basin, Peru

Oldřich Říčan

Abstract


Sympatry and syntopy are rare among congeneric cichlids in the Neotropics. Among Peruvian Amazonian cichlids congeneric syntopy has so far been reported in only 1 case known from a single locality. Based on thorough exploration of a new locality I refute the syntopy of the 2 species involved: Bujurquina robusta (Kullander, 1986) is a mouth-bay species while B. labiosa (Kullander, 1986) is an upland species. I demonstrate the generality of this ecological allotopy with further examples from a second study area including a different set of species.


Keywords


ordillera El Sira; Reservas comunal El Sira; Rio Tambo; Departamento de Ucayali; Rio Pachitea; Departamento de Pasco; congenerics

Full Text:

PDF/A

References


Albert, J.S., Carvalho, T.P., Petry, P. , Holder, M.A., Maxime, E.L., Espino, J., Corahua, I., Quispe, R., Rengifo, B., Ortega, H. & Reis, R.E. 2011. Aquatic biodiversity in the Amazon: habitat specialization and geographic isolation promote species richness. Animals 1: 205–241. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani1020205

Barluenga, M., Stölting, K.N., Salzburger, W., Muschick, M. & Meyer, A. 2006. Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish. Nature 439: 719–723. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04325

Carvalho, T.P., Espino, J., Máxime, E., Quispe, R., Rengifo, B., Ortega, H. & Albert, J.S. 2011. Fishes from the lower Urubamba River near Sepahua, Amazon basin, Peru. Check List 7: 413–442. https://doi.org/10.15560/7.4.413

Elmer K.R., Fan, S., Kusche, H., Spreitzer, M.L., Kautt, A.F., Franchini, P. & Meyer, A. 2014. Parallel evolution of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes via non-parallel routes. Nature Communications 5: 5168. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6168

Kullander, S. 1983. A revision of the South American cichlid genus Cichlasoma (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History. 296 pp.

Kullander, S. 1984. Une nouvelle espèce d’Aequidens des bassins des Rios Aguaytia et Pachitea au Pérou: Aequidens patricki n. sp. (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Revue française d’Aquariologie et Herpetologie 11: 1–6.

Kullander, S. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon river drainage of Peru. Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History. 431 pp.

Kullander, S. 1991. Tahuantinsuyoa chipi, a new species of cichlid fish from the Rio Pachitea drainage in Peru. Cybium 15: 3–13.

Kullander, S. & Nijssen, H. 1989. The cichlids of Surinam (Teleostei: Labroidei). Leiden: E. J. Brill. 256 pp.

Kullander, S., Norén, M., Friðriksson, G.B. & de Lucena C.A.S. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of species of Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from southern South America based on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 48: 248–258. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00557.x

Lüling, K.H. 1981. Zwei unterschiedliche Fliesswasserbiotope im Einzugsgebiet des mittleren Ucayali (Ostperu) und ihre Fische. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 32: 167–182.

Musilová, Z., Říčan, O. & Novák, J. 2009. Phylogeny of the Neotropical cichlid fish tribe Cichlasomatini (Teleostei: Cichlidae) based on morphological and molecular data, with the description of a new genus. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 47: 234–247. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00528.x

Musilová, Z., Říčan, O., Janko, K. & Novák, J. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Neotropical cichlid fish tribe Cichlasomatini (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 659–672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2007.10.011

Piálek, L, Dragová, K., Casciotta, J., Almirón, A. & Říčan, O. 2015. Description of two new species of Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the lower Iguazú River with a taxonomic reappraisal of C. iguassuensis, C. tesay and C. yaha. Historia Natural 5: 5–27.

Piálek, L., Říčan, O., Casciotta, J., Almirón, A. & Zrzavý, J. 2012. Multilocus phylogeny of Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with biogeography of the C. lacustris group: species flocks as a model for sympatric speciation in rivers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 46–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.09.006

Říčan, O., Piálek, L., Dragová, K. & Novák, J. 2016. Diversity and evolution of the Middle American cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with revised classification. Vertebrate Zoology 66: 1–102.

Staeck, W. & Linke, H. 1985. Amerikanische Cichliden II. Melle: Grosse Buntbarsche. 164 pp.

Vierke, J. 1983a. Buntbarch mit wanderndem Brutrevier: Freiwasserbeobachtungen an Aequidens syspilus. Aquaristisches Magazin 17: 204–207.

Vierke, J. 1983b. Auf Unterwasser-Safari im Amazonas-Gebiet. Aquaristisches Magazin 17: 171–175.