BIODIVERSITY OF PHOTOTROPHS IN ILLUMINATED ENTRANCE ZONES OF SEVEN CAVES IN MONTENEGRO

Ekaterina V. Kozlova, Svetlana E. Mazina, Vladimir Pešić

Abstract


The biodiversity of the entrance zones of the Montenegro caves is barely studied, therefore the purpose of this study was to assess the biodiversity of several caves in Montenegro. The samples of phototrophs were taken from various substrates of the entrance zone of 7 caves in July 2017. A total of 87 species of phototrophs were identified, including 64 species of algae and Cyanobacteria, and 21 species of Bryophyta. Comparison of biodiversity was carried out using Jacquard and Shorygin indices. The prevalence of cyanobacteria in the algal flora and the dominance of green algae were revealed. The composition of the phototrophic communities was influenced mainly by the morphology of the entrance zones, not by the spatial proximity of the studied caves.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullin, Sh.R. (2009) Cyanobacterial–algal cenoses of the Shulgan-Tash cave, Southern Urals Russian Journal of Ecology, 40(4), 301–303.

Andreev, M.P. (2008) Rod of Lecidoma Gotth. Schneid. & Hertel in Hertel – Lecidom. Key to lichens in Russia. Nauka, 10, 378–380 (in Russian).

Barović, G., Spalević, V., Pešić, V. & Vujačić, D. (2018) The physical and geographical characteristics of the lake Skadar basin. In: Pešić, V., Karaman, G. & Kostianoy, A. (Eds) The Skadar/Shkodra Lake Environment. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 80, Springer, Cham, pp. 11–23.

Castello, M. (2014) Species diversity of bryophytes and ferns of lampenflora in Grotta Gigante (NE Italy). Acta Carsologica, 43(1), 185–193.

Cherepanov, S. N. (1995) Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (within the former USSR). - SPb. - 992.

Czerwik-Marcinkowska, J. (2013) Observations on aerophytic cyanobacteria and algae from ten caves in the Ojców national park. Acta Agrobotanica, 66(1), 39–52.

Czerwik-Marcinkowska, J. & Mrozińska, T. (2009) Epilithic algae from caves of the Krakowsko-Częstochowska Upland (Southern Poland). Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 78(4), 301–309.

Czerwik-Marcinkowska, J., Wojciechowska, A. & Massalski, A. (2015) Biodiversity of limestone caves: aggregations of aerophytic algae and cyanobacteria in relation to site factors. Polish Journal of Ecology, 63(4), 481–499.

Engel, A.S., Stern, L.A. & Bennett, P. C. (2004) Microbial contributions to cave formation: new insights into sulfuric acid speleogenesis. Geology, 32, 369–372.

Gainutdinov, I.A., Abdullin, Sh.R., Sharipova, M.Yu. & Dubovik, I.E. (2017) Cyanobacteria and algae in some caves of Bashkirskiyi Ural Biosphere Reserve (southern Urals, Bashkortostan Republic, Russia). Cave and Karst Science, 44(3), 119–126.

Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; accessed on 8 February 2019

Ignatov, M.S. & Ignatova, E.A. (2003) Moss flora of the Middle European Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd, 1:1-608 pp; 2:609-960 pp. (in Russian)

Kubešová, S. (2001) Bryophyte flora at lamps in public caves in the Moravian Karst (Czech Republic). Acta Musei Moraviae, 86(1), 195–202.

Lauriol, B., Prévost, C. & Lacelle, D. (2006) The distribution of diatom flora in ice caves of the northern Yukon Territory, Canada: relationship to air circulation and freezing. International Journal of Speleology, 35(2), 83–92.

Mayevsky, P.F. (2014) Flora of the middle zone of European part of Russia, 11th ed. Moscow, KMK Scientific Press Ltd, 635 pp. (in Russian)

Mazina, S.E. (2016) Bryophytes and ferns as part of lamp flora caves. South of Russia: ecology, development, 11(3), 140-150. (in Russian).

Mazina, S.E. & Kozlova, E.V. (2018) Lampenflora of Lipska Cave, Montenegro. Journal of Cave and Karst Science, 45(3), 128–133.

Mulec, J. (2005) Algae in the karst caves of Slovenia. PhD Thesis, University of Lubljana, Ljubljana, 149 pp.

Mulec, J., Kosi, G. & Vrhovšek, D. (2008) Characterization of cave aerophytic algal communities and effects of irradiance levels on production of pigment. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 70(1), 3–12.

Mulec, J. & Kubešová, S. (2010) Diversity of Bryophytes in show caves in Slovenia and relation to light intensities. Acta Carstologica, 39(3), 587–596.

Pentecost, A. & Whitton, B.A. (2012) Subaerial Cyanobacteria. In: Whitton, B.A. (Ed.) The Ecology of Cyanobacteria II. Springer; Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 291–316.

Pentecost, A. & Zhaohui, Z. (2001) The distribution of plants in Scoska Cave, North Yorkshire, and their relationship to light intensity. International Journal of Speleology, 30, 27–37.

Pešić, V., Karaman, G.S. & Sket, B. (2018) The diversity and endemism of aquatic subterranean fauna of the Lake Skadar/Shkodra Basin. In: Pešić, V., Karaman, G. & Kostianoy, A. (Eds) The Skadar/Shkodra Lake Environment. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 80, Springer, Cham, pp. 339–361.

Poulíčková, A. & Hašler, P. (2007) Aerophytic diatoms from caves in central Moravia (Czech Republic). Preslia, 79, 185–204.

Popović, S., Subakov, S.G, Stupar, M., Unković, N., Krunić, O., Savić, N. & Ljaljević Grbić, M. (2017) Cave biofilms: characterization of phototrophic cyanobacteria and algae and chemotrophic fungi from three caves in Serbia. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 79(1), 10–23.

Prous, X., Ferreira, L.R. & Jacobi, C.M. (2015) The entrance as a complex ecotone in a Neotropical cave. International Journal of Speleology, 44(2), 177–189.

Robert, V.G. & Stalpers, J. (2005) The MycoBank engine and related databases. http://www.mycobank.org; accessed on 8 February 2019.

Rozenberg, G.S., Mozgovoy, D.P. & Gelashvili, D.B. (2000) Ecology: elements of theoretical constructions of modern ecology. Samara: Samara Scientific Center of RAS, 396 p. (in Russian).

Selvi, B. & Altuner, Z. (2007) Algae of Ballica cave (Tokat-Turkey). International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences, 1, 99–103.

Vanderwolf, K., Malloch, D., McAlpine, D.F. & Forbes, G.J. (2013) A world review on fungi, yeasts, and slime molds in caves. International Journal of Speleology, 42(1), 77–96.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.