Tenebrionidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): catalogue of types and keys to taxa

J Charles Watt

Abstract


New Zealand's fauna of the family Tenebrionidae (Coleoptera) is recorded in a synonymic catalogue, presented alphabetically, which includes data on the primary type specimens. The composition of the fauna is summarised in a checklist of taxa, and keys are given to all valid taxa. Seven new genera and 35 new species are proposed, with brief diagnoses, and 23 new synonymies and 13 new combinations are recorded. The fauna here recognised comprises 36 valid genera in 16 tribes, and 149 valid species (10 of them introduced). There are 168 published specific names, excluding misspellings and misidentifications. Forty-five species are illustrated in photographs or scanning electron micrographs.

Checklist of taxa

Valid generic and specific names are in bold italic type.
Synonomous generic and specific names immediately follow valid names, and are in italic type.

Subfamily ALLECULINAE
Tribe Alleculini (4 genera, 9 species)
Genus Omedes Broun, 1893
    nitidus Broun, 1893
    substriatus (Broun, 1880)
        fuscatus Broun, 1893
        apterus Broun, 1895

Genus Tanychilus Newman, 1838
    metallicus (White, 1846)
        rufescens Broun, 1880
        violaceus (Broun, 1910)
    sophorae (Broun, 1880)

Genus Xylochus Broun, 1880
    dentipes Broun, 1886
    spinifer Broun, 1893
    tibialis Broun, 1880
    triregius new species

Zomedes new genus
    borealis new species

Subfamily COELOMETOPINAE
Tribe Coelometopini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Chrysopeplus Gebien, 1942
    expolitus (Broun, 1880)
    triregius new species

Subfamily DIAPERINAE
Tribe Diaperini (1 genus, 1 species)
Genus Gnatocerus Thunberg, 1814
    cornutus (Fabricius, 1798)

Tribe Gnathidiini (1 genus, 19 species)
Genus Menimus Sharp, 1876
        Ceramba Fauvel, 1904
    batesi Sharp, 1876
        striatulus Broun, 1886 new synonymy
        vicinus Broun, 1893 new synonymy
    borealis new species
    brouni new species
    caecus Sharp, 1876
        lineatus Broun, 1912 new synonymy
    clarkei new species
        [note: renamed crosbyi Watt, 1993]
    crassus Sharp, 1876
        aemulator Broun, 1910 new synonymy
        humeralis Broun, 1910 new synonymy
        piceus Broun, 1883 new synonymy
    crinalis Broun, 1880
    curtulus Broun, 1883
    dubius Broun, 1880
    elongatus new species
    helmorei new species
    laevicollis Broun, 1895
    moehauensis new species
    oblongus Broun, 1880
    obscurus Broun, 1880
    pubiceps Broun, 1921
    puncticeps Broun, 1880
    sinuatus Broun, 1886
    thoracicus Broun, 1880

Subfamily LAGRIINAE
Tribe Adeliini (10 genera, 41 species)
Genus Adelium Kirby, 1818
    sp. indet.

Genus Edalus Broun, 1893
    alienus (Broun, 1880)
        opacus (Broun, 1893) new synonymy
    curtulus new species
    pleuralis (Broun, 1893)

Exadelium new genus
    rufilabrum (Broun, 1886)

Kaszabadelium new genus
    aucklandicum (Broun, 1880)
        aucklandianum (Gebien, 1911)

Genus Mesopatrum Broun, 1893
    granulosum Broun, 1893
        dubium Broun, 1917 new synonymy

Genus Mitua Hope, 1848
        Pseudopatrum Sharp, 1886
    tuberculicostata (White, 1846)
        bidwelli Hope, 1848
        sordida (Sharp, 1886)
        sordidum (Sharp, 1886)
    triangularis new species

Genus Periatrum Sharp, 1886
    carinatum new species
    edentalum new species
    helmsi Sharp, 1886
    manapouricum new species
    rotundatum new species
    tumipes Broun, 1893

Genus Pheloneis Pascoe, 1886
        Amarosoma Redtenbacher, 1868
    amaroides (Lacordaire, 1859)
        harpaloides (White, 1846)
        urquharti (Broun, 1893)
        titahiensis (Broun, 1910)
    simulans (Redtenbacher, 1868)
    triregius new species
    Stenadelium new genus
    striatum new species

Zeadelium new genus
    aeratum (Broun, 1880)
        sericatum (Sharp, 1886) new synonymy
        dubitans (Broun, 1917) new synonymy
    arthurensis new species
    australe new species
    bullatum (Pascoe, 1876)
    chalmeri (Broun, 1883)
        tinctum (Broun, 1914) new synonymy
        halli (Broun, 1917)
    complicatum (Broun, 1911)
    femorale (Broun, 1910)
    gratiosum (Broun,1893)
    hanseni (Broun, 1885)
    hudsoni (Broun, 1909)
    indigator (Broun, 1886)
    intermedium (Sharp, 1886)
    intricatum (Broun, 1880)
    lentum (Broun, 1880)
        curtulum (Broun, 1917) new synonymy
        dunedinis (Sharp, 1886) new synonymy
    nigritulum (Broun, 1885)
         turgidulum (Broun, 1893)
        calcaratum (Broun, 1914) new synonymy
        appositum (Broun, 1915)
        angulatum (Broun, 1917) new synonymy
    parvum new species
    senile new species
    simplex (Sharp, 1886)
    thoracicum (Broun, 1880)
        cheesemani (Broun, 1883)
        multistriatum (Sharp, 1886) new synonymy
        miniatum (Broun, 1893) new synonymy

Tribe Chaerodini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Chaerodes White, 1846
        Choerodes White, 1846
    laetus Broun, 1880
    trachyscelides White, 1846
        concolor Sharp, 1878
        fuscatus Broun, 1895


Tribe Lupropini (1 genus, 13 species)
Genus Lorelus Sharp, 1876
    crassicornis Broun, 1880
        sternalis Broun, 1910
    kaszabi new species
    laticornis new species
    latulus Broun, 1910
    marginalis Broun, 1910
    obtusus new species
    opacus new species
    politus new species
    priscus Sharp, 1876
    pubescens Broun, 1880
    punctalus new species
    quadricollis Broun, 1883
    tarsalis Broun, 1910
        nigrescens Broun, 1910

Subfamily PHRENAPATINAE
Genus Archaeoglenes Broun, 1893
    costipennis Broun, 1893

Subfamily PIMELIINAE
Tribe Cnemeplatiini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Actizeta Pascoe, 1875
    albata Pascoe, 1875
        ammobioides Pascoe, 1875
    fusca new species

Subfamily TENEBRIONINAE
Tribe Alphitobiini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Alphitobius Stephens, 1832
    diaperinus (Panzer, 1797)
    laevigatus (Fabricius, 1781)

Tribe Amarygmini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Amarygmus Dalman, 1823
    tristis sensu Blackburn, 1893 not Fabricius, 1798
    zelandicus Bates, 1874

Tribe Heleini (1 genus, 23 species)
Genus Mimopeus Pascoe, 1866
        Cilibe sensu Lacordaire, 1859
    buchanani (Broun, 1880)
        schauinslandi (Sharp, 1903)
    clarkei Watt, 1988
    convexus Watt, 1988
    costellus (Broun, 1905)
    elongatus (Breme, 1842)
        phosphugoides (White, 1846)
        amaroides Pascoe, 1866
        granulipennis (Bates, 1873)
        huttoni (Sharp, 1878)
        marginalis (Broun, 1893)
        meridionalis (Sharp, 1903)
    granulosus (Breme, 1842)
    humeralis (Bates, 1873)
    impressifrons (Bates, 1873)
    insularis Watt, 1988
    johnsi Watt, 1988
    lateralis (Broun, 1909)
    lewisianus (Sharp, 1903)
    neglectus Watt, 1988
    opaculus (Bates, 1873)
        grandis (Bates, 1873)
        nitidulus (Bates, 1873)
        otagensis (Bates, 1873)
        major (Sharp,1903)
        tarsalis (Sharp, 1903)
        smithianus (Broun, 1909)
        otagoensis (Hudson, 1934)
    parallelus Watt, 1988
    parvus Watt, 1988
    pascoei (Bates, 1873)
    rugosus (Bates, 1873)
    subcostatus (Sharp, 1903)
        saragoides (Broun, 1908)
    thoracicus (Bates, 1873)
        brevipennis (Bates, 1873)
    tibialis (Bates, 1873)
        velox (Sharp, 1903)
    turbotti Watt, 1988
    vallis Watt, 1988

Tribe Opatrini (1 genus, 1 species)
Genus Gonocephalum Chevrolat, 1845
    elderi (Blackburn, 1892)

Tribe Tenebrionini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Tenebrio Linnaeus, 1758
    molitor Linnaeus, 1758
    obscurus Fabricius, 1792
        obscurans Thomson, 1922

Tribe Titaenini (4 genera, 22 species)
Genus Artystona Bates, 1873
    erichsoni (White, 1846)
        interrupta (Redtenbacher, 1868)
    lata new species
    obscura Sharp, 1886
        collaris Sharp, 1886
        obsoleta Sharp, 1886
        tinctella Broun, 1910
        vicina Broun, 1910
        philpotti Broun, 1910
    richmondiana new species
    rugiceps Bates, 1874
        porcatus (Allard, 1877)
    wakefieldi Bates, 1874

Genus Cerodolus Sharp, 1886
    arthurensis new species
    chrysomeloides Sharp, 1886
        aenus Broun, 1893
    curvellus Broun, 1912
    genialis Broun, 1893
        sulcisternus Broun, 1917
    manepouricus new species
    sinuatus new species
    tuberculatus Broun, 1917

Partystona new genus
    metallica new species

Genus Pseudhelops Guérin-Méneville, 1841
    antipodensis Watt, 1971 new status
    capitalis (Broun, 1917)
    chathamensis new species
    clandestinus Watt, 1971 new status
    liberalis Watt, 1971
    posticalis Broun, 1909 new status
        interruptus Broun, 1909
        nodosus Broun, 1910
        substriatus Broun, 1910
    quadricollis Broun, 1909
    tuberculatus Guérin-Méneville, 1841
        eastoni Brookes, 1951
        wenhami Brookes, 1951

Tribe Triboliini (1 genus, 2 species)
Genus Tribolium Macleay, 1825
    castaneum (Herbst, 1797)
        navale (Fabricius, 1775)
        ferrugineum (sensu Fabricius, 1801)
    confusum du Val, 1868

Tribe Ulomini (3 genera, 3 species)
Genus Aphtora Bates, 1872
        Apthora Broun, 1880
    rufipes Bates, 1872

Genus Uloma Dejean, 1821
        Prioscelida White, 1846
    tenebrionoides White, 1846
        laevicostata Blanchard, 1853
        tenebrionides (Lacordaire, 1859)
        nitens Redtenbacher, 1868
        tenebrioides Gebien, 1910

Genus Ulomotypus Broun, 1886
    laevigatus Broun, 1886
        glabritarsis (Sharp, 1886)

Tribe uncertain (1 genus, 1 species)
Gcnus Demtrius Broun, 1895
    carinulatus Broun, 1895

Subfamily ZOLODININAE
Genus Zolodinus Blanchard, 1853
    zelandicus Blanchard, 1853


Keywords


Taxonomy; keys; morphology; catalogue; primary type specimens; darkling beetles; Coleoptera; Tenebrionidae

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