Lithinini (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae)

Jason D Weintraub, Malcolm J Scoble

Abstract


The New Zealand Lithinini are reviewed, with a general discussion of morphology and natural history. A key is provided to the eight species, representing three genera. The New Zealand fauna is wholly endemic, with affinities to Southern Hemisphere genera that occur in temperate Australia and Tasmania. Sarisa (monotypic), Sestra (two species), and Ischalis (five species) are treated in detail. Ischalis dugdalei n. sp. is described from the South Island. Comprehensive distribution data are provided for all taxa. Host plant association data and information on immature stages are reviewed for all New Zealand genera and summarised.

Checklist of taxa

Genus Ischalis Walker, 1863
        gallaria (Walker, 1860)
        variabilis (Warren, 1895)
        fortinata (Guenée, 1868)
        dugdalei new species
        nelsonaria (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)

Genus Sestra Walker, 1863
        flexata (Walker, 1862)
        humeraria (Walker, 1861)


Keywords


Taxonomy, phylogeny; looper moths; fern-feeding moths; biology; keys; new species; Lepidoptera; Geometridae; Eunominae; Lithinini

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