Hierodoris (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Oecophoridae)

Robert J B Hoare

Abstract


An overview of New Zealand Oecophoridae is presented, and a new genus-group, the ‘Hierodoris group’, is defined. The systematic placement of this group is discussed. New Zealand oecophorid genera not assigned to the Hierodoris group are assigned to the Wingia, Chezala, and Barea groups of Common. Stathmopodinae are excluded from Oecophoridae.

The endemic New Zealand genus Hierodoris Meyrick is revised. The genus is fully redescribed, and 18 species are recognised, including 8 new species: H. gerontion, H. huia, H. pachystegiae, H. polita, H. sesioides, H. s-fractum, H. torrida, and H. tygris. Gymnobathra squamea Philpott is transferred to Hierodoris. Coridomorpha Meyrick is sunk as a junior subjective synonym of Hierodoris, and H. chlorobela Meyrick as a junior subjective synonym of H. illita (Felder & Rogenhofer). All species are fully described and adults illustrated in colour; male genitalia are illustrated for all species and female genitalia for all except H. sesioides. Larvae and pupae are described for the species in which they are known. Information is given on biology, distribution, and conservation status, with 5 species considered potentially threatened at the national level: H. huia, H. polita, H. sesioides, H. stella, and H. tygris. Two species-groups are recognised: the Hierodoris iophanes group including H. iophanes, H. frigida, H. polita, H. torrida, and H. huia, and the Hierodoris illita group including all the remaining species.

Checklist of taxa

Genus Hierodoris Meyrick, 1912
         Coridomorpha Meyrick, 1914, new synonymy
        Taoscelis Meyrick, 1938
     iophanes Meyrick, 1912
     frigida Philpott, 1923
         crocostoma Meyrick, 1938, Taoscelis
     polita new species
     torrida new species
     huia new species
     atychioides (Butler, 1877)
        gregalis Philpott, 1928, Heliostibes
        barbarica Philpott, 1930a, Heliostibes
     bilineata (Salmon, 1948)
     callispora (Meyrick, 1912)
     eremita Philpott, 1930b
     gerontion new species
     illita (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
        chlorobela Meyrick, 1921, Heliostibes, new synonymy
     sesioides new species
     squamea (Philpott, 1915), new combination
         nigra Philpott, 1930a, Gymnobathra
     stella (Meyrick, 1914), new combination
     electrica (Meyrick, 1889)
     s-fractum new species
     pachystegiae new species
     tygris new species


Keywords


Lepidoptera; Gelechioidea; Oechophoridae; oecophorid moths; taxonomy; biology; phylogeny; new species; keys; mimicry

References


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