Peloridiidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha)

Marie-Claude Larivière, Daniel Burckhardt, André Larochelle


The New Zealand Peloridiidae fauna (3 genera, 13 species) is reviewed. Results published by Burckhardt (2009: Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 56) and by Burckhardt et al. (2011: Zootaxa 2923) are reconciled with a study of specimens contained in New Zealand and overseas entomological collections and museums (over 2,400 specimens from more than 175 localities).

A concise treatment of the taxonomy of all taxa is presented. New identification keys and descriptions are provided for genera and species, with illustrations emphasising the most important diagnostic features of the external morphology and male genitalia. Information is given on synonymy, type data, material examined, geographic distribution, and biology. Distribution maps, a descriptive biogeographical account, and detailed biological observations are provided for the first time. The composition of the New Zealand peloridiid fauna, with endemism levels of 100% for genera and species, is briefly outlined in relation to the faunas of Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, and South America.

Checklist of taxa

Genus Oiophysa Drake & Salmon, 1950
ablusa Drake & Salmon, 1950
      fuscata Drake & Salmon, 1950
cumberi Woodward, 1958
distincta Woodward, 1952
paradoxa Burckhardt, 2009
pendergrasti Woodward, 1956
      fuscata pendergrasti Woodward, 1956

Genus Xenophyes Bergroth, 1924
adelphus Burckhardt, 2011
cascus Bergroth, 1924
      forsteri Drake & Salmon, 1948
goniomus Burckhardt, 2011
kinlochensis Evans, 1982
metoponcus Burckhardt, 2011
rhachilophus Burckhardt, 2011

Genus Xenophysella Evans, 1982
greensladeae Burckhardt, 2009
stewartensis (Woodward, 1952)
      dugdalei Evans, 1982
      pegasusensis Evans, 1982


Hemiptera; Coleorrhyncha; Peloridiidae; moss bugs; Taxonomy; keys; phylogeny; biology


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Burckhardt, D. 2009: Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Gondwanan moss bugs or Peloridiidae (Hemiptera, Coleorrhyncha). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 56(2): 173–235.

Burckhardt, D. 2010: Mooswanzen – Peloridiidae (Hemiptera, Coleorrhyncha), eine enigmatische Insektengruppe. Entomologica Austriaca 17: 9–22.

Burckhardt, D.; Bochud, E.; Damgaard, J.; Gibbs, G. W.; Hartung, V.; Larivière, M.-C.; Wyniger, D.; Zürcher, I. 2011: A review of the moss bug genus Xenophyes (Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha: Peloridiidae) from New Zealand: systematics and biogeography. Zootaxa 2923: 1–26.

Burrows, M.; Hartung, V.; Hoch, H. 2007: Jumping behaviour in a Gondwanan relict insect (Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha: Peloridiidae). Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 3311–3318.

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Cekalovic, T. 1986: Homoptera Peloridiidae: Chilean species and new records of P. hammoniorum and P. kuscheli. Boletín de la Sociedad de Biología de Concepción 57: 49–54.

China, W. E. 1955: A new genus and species of Peloridiidae (Homoptera, Coleorrhyncha) from South America. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 91: 84–85.

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Drake, C. J.; Salmon, J. T. 1950: A new genus and two new species of Peloridiidae from New Zealand. Zoology Publications from Victoria University College (6): 3–7.

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Popov, Y. A.; Shcherbakov, D. E. 1996: Origin and evolution of the Coleorrhyncha as shown by the fossil record. Pp. 9–30 In: Schaefer, C. W. (Ed.). Studies on Hemipteran Phylogeny. Thomas Say Publications in Entomology: Proceedings. Lanham; USA. 244 pp.

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