Herpetofauna of Serra do Timbó, an Atlantic Forest remnant in the State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil

Marco Antonio de Freitas, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, Patrícia Mendes Fonseca, Breno Hamdan, Thiago Filadelfo

Abstract


Serra do Timbó consists of a mountain massif located in the Jiquiriçá Valley, in the western portion of the Recôncavo Baiano, in the State of Bahia, between the municipalities of Amargosa and Ubaíra, where predominantly Atlantic Rainforest areas still exist. Studies that provide basic data on herpetofauna are important to understand the structure and composition of communities. The present study aimed to compile an inventory of the Serra do Timbó herpetofauna. Data collection was carried out randomly, from 2006 to 2009, through field surveys, active searches, occasional meetings and interception of fall traps. A total of 108 species were recorded, comprising 55 amphibian (12 families and 29 genera) and 53 reptile species (2 orders, 19 families and 41 genera). Two species are threatened with extinction in the national territory, and two others are categorized as data deficient. The recent creation of a Conservation Unit, covering part of Serra do Timbó, is an essential initiative for the preservation of one of the richest biodiversity in Brazil, seriously threatened by human activities.


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