Persian Journal of Acarology


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Author Guidelines

Persian Journal of Acarology (PJA) is a peer-reviewed international journal of the Acarological Society of Iran for publication of high quality papers on any aspect of Acarology including mite and tick behavior, biochemistry, biology, control, ecology, evolution, morphology, physiology, systematics and taxonomy. All manuscripts will be subjected to peer review before acceptance. The journal does not charge any fees at submission, revieweing, processing and publication stages.  Time for review of a manuscript is 3 weeks.

Based on length, four categories of papers are considered.


1) Research article

Research articles are significant papers of four or more printed pages reporting original research. Papers between 4 and 59 printed pages are published in multi-paper issues of 60, 64 or 68 pages. Monographs (60 or more pages) are individually issued and bound.  

Persian Journal of Acarology encourages large comprehensive works. There is no upper limit on the length of manuscripts, although authors are advised to break monographs of over 1000 pages into a multi-volume contribution simply because books over 1000 pages are difficult to bind and too heavy to hold. 

Short papers on species of economic, environmental or phylogenetic importance may be accepted at the discretion of editors, who will generally encourage and advise authors to add value to the paper by providing more information (e.g. checklist of or key to species of the genus, biological information......).  Short papers of 4 or 5 pages accepted for publication may be shortened for publication in the Correspondence section.


2) Correspondence

High quality and important short manuscripts of 1 to 4 pages are considered at the end of each multi-paper issue.  

These short contributions should have no more than 20 references and its total length should not exceed four printed pages (except editorials).  Neither an abstract nor a list of key words is needed; major headings (Introduction, Material and methods...) should NOT be used, except for new taxon heading and references. A typical correspondence should consist of (1) a short and concise title, (2) author name and address (email address), (3) a series of paragraphs of the main text, and (4) a list of references if any. For correspondence of 3 or 4 pages, the first or last paragraph may be a summary.  

Commentaries on published papers are intended for scholarly exchange of different views or interpretations of published data and should not contain personal attack; authors of concerned papers may be invited to reply to comments on their papers. 

3) Monograph

4) Book review

5) Editorial Material

Preparation of manuscripts


1) General. All papers must be in English. Authors whose native language is not English are encouraged to have their manuscripts read by a native English-speaking colleague before submission. Nomenclature must be in agreement with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th edition 1999), which came into force on 1 January 2000.

This is very important: Names of new species can be published in electronic-only journals (e.g. Persian Journal of Acarology), but they are not available for nomenclatural purposes unless the publication is registered in ZooBank. This is a recent change to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. This paper explains how to do this, to make the new names available. Here is the web site for registration of papers in ZooBank:

Author(s) of species name must be provided when the scientific name of any animal species is first mentioned (the year of publication needs not be given; if you give it, then provide a full reference of this in the reference list). Metric systems should be used.  If possible, use the common font New Times Roman and use as little formatting as possible (use only bold and italics where necessary and indentions of paragraphs except the first).  Special symbols (e.g. male or female sign) should be avoided because they are likely to be altered when files are read on different machines (Mac versus PC with different language systems). You can code them as m# and f#, which can be replaced during page setting. The style of each author is generally respected but they must follow the following general guidelines.

2) Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgments; appendixes (as appropriate); references; table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list).

·         Title: the title should be concise and complete. Include order and family names of any organisms cited in the title.

·         Authors: the names of all authors should appear below the title, typed in the format first name, middle initial (if available), last name in , e.g. Edward A. Ueckermann & Mohammad Khanjani.

·         Address: The address of each author should be given in italics each starting a separate line.  E-mail address(es) should be provided if available. One author should be identified as the Corresponding Author.

·         Abstract: The abstract should be concise and informative. Any new names or new combinations proposed in the paper should be mentioned. Abstracts in Persian will also be included in addition to English abstract by Editorial board. Abstracts should include the authors of all scientific names mentioned in the text.

·         Keywords: The abstract should be followed by a list of key words that are not present in the title. Abstract and key works are not needed in short correspondence.

·         All scientific names of genus of lower rank should be italicized. When an animal or plant species or sub species is first mentioned in the text, the binomical or trinomial should be spelled out in full, followed by the author's name and year. Spell out any genus or species names that may be confused with other names in the text. Spell out genus names when used at the beginning of the sentence.

·         Section headings should be concise.

·         Footnotes and acknowledgements: Footnotes should be single spaced and numbered consecutively, following the references. Acknowledgements, if appropriate, should appear before the references.

·         References: authors should be listed alphabetically and chronologically. Citations should include the paper or book's full title, an abbreviated title of the journal of source, and pagination. References should be cited in the text as Smith (1999), Smith and Smith (2000) or Smith et al. (2001) (3 or more authors), or alternatively in a parenthesis (Smith 2000; Smith and Smith 2000a, b; Smith et al. 2001). All literature cited in the text must be listed in the references in the following format.

A) Journal paper:

Smith, A. (1999) Title of the paper. Title of the journal in full, volume (number): page range. 

e.g.: Haddad Irani-Nejad, K., Hajiqanbar, H.R. & Talebi-Chaichi, P. (2005) An introduction of the prostigmatic mites in Sugar beet fields in Miandoab plain. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 36(1): 247–262 (In Persian with English abstract).

B) Book chapter:

Smith, A. & Smith, B. (2000) Title of the Chapter. In: Smith, A, Smith, B. & Smith, C. (Eds.), Title of Book. Publisher name and location, pp. x–y. 

e.g. Walter, D.E. & Krantz, G.W. (2009) Collecting, rearing, and preparing specimens. In: Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (Eds.), A manual of Acarology. 3rd edition. Texas Tech University Press, pp. 83–96.

C) Book:

Smith, A., Smith, B. & Smith, C. (2001) Title of Book. Publisher name and location, xyz pp.  

e.g. Krantz, G.W. (1978) A manual of Acarology. 2nd edition. Oregon State University Book Store, Corvallis, Oregon, 509 pp.

D) Internet resources:

Smith, A. & Smith, B. (2002) Title of website, database or other resources, Publisher name and location (if indicated), number of pages (if known). Available from: (Date of access).

e.g. Parsot, G., McKenzie, L. & Linn, M. (2000) Work continues on varroa controloptions. (Accessed on 25 January 2001).

E) Congress abstract:

1) without book editor:

Smith, A. & Smith, B. (2002) Title of the abstract. Title of the congress in fullLocationnumber of volume (if any), number of page.

e.g.: Taghavi, A., Kamali, K. & Sahragard, A. (1998) Mites associated with tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.), in western regions of Mazandaran province. 13th Iranian Plant Protection CongressVol. 1KarajIran, p. 100.

2) with book editor:

Smith, A. & Smith, B. (2000) Title of the abstract. In: Smith, A, Smith, B. & Smith, C. (Eds.), Title of the congress in fullLocationnumber of volume (if any), number of page.

 Ahadiyat, A. & Akrami, M.A. (2013) First report of the genus Paraleius Trav�, 1960 (Sarcoptiformes: Oribatida: Hemileiidae) associated with bark beetles from Iran. In: Joharchi, O. & Saboori, A. (Eds.). Second International Persian Congress of AcarologyKarajIran. p. 3.

F) Full paper in congress: 

It is the same for abstracts but only number of pages should be shown as pp. x–y. 


·          Authors must adhere to SI units. Units are not italicized.

·         When using a word which is or is asserted to be a proprietary term or trade mark, authors must use the symbol ® or ™.

·         Dissertations resulting from graduate studies and non-serial proceedings of conferences/symposia are to be treated as books and cited as such. Papers not cited must not be listed in the references.

·         Please note that (1) journal titles must be written in full (not abbreviated); (2) journal titles and volume numbers are followed by a ","; (3) page ranges are connected by "En dash (�)", not hyphen "-", which is used to connect two words. For websites, it is important to include the last date when you see that site, as it can be moved or deleted from that address in the future.

·         On the use of dashes (1) Hyphens are used to link words such as personal names, some prefixes and compound adjectives (the last of which vary depending on the style manual in use). (2) En-dash or en-rule (the length of an ‘n’) is used to link spans. In the context of our journal that means numerals mainly, most frequently sizes, dates and page numbers (e.g. 1977–1981; Figs 5–7) and also geographic or name associations (Murray–Darling River; a Federal–State agreement). (3) Em-dash or em-rule (the length of an ‘m’) are used far more infrequently, and are used for breaks in the text or subject, often used much as we used parentheses. In contrast to parentheses an em-dash can be used alone; e.g. What could these results mean—that Niel had discovered the meaning of life? En-dashes and em-dashes should not be spaced. 

·         Illustrations: Legends of illustrations should be listed after the list of references. Small illustrations should be grouped into plates. When preparing illustrations, authors should bear in mind that the journal has a matter size of 25 cm by 17 cm and is printed on A4 paper. For species illustration, line drawings are preferred, although good quality B&W or colour photographs are also acceptable. Please ensure that all imported scanned material is scanned at the appropriate resolution: 1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 600 dpi for color. Figures must be saved separate to text. Please do not embed figures in the paper file. Files should be saved as TIFF (tagged image file format).

·         Tables: if any, should be given at the end of the manuscript. Please use the table function in your word processor to build tables so that the cells, rows and columns can remain aligned when font size and width of the table are changed. Please do not use Tab key or space bar to type tables. 

·         Keys: Keys are not easy to typeset. In a typical dichotomous key, each lead of a couplet should be typed simply as a paragraph as in the box below:


1. Width of scutum < 60, distance between sensillary setae bases < 3

Genus A


- Width of scutum > 70, distance between sensillary setae bases 40



2. Fe I with 5 normal setae, Ge I and Ti I each with 5 normal setae, Ti II 28–32.

Genus B


- Fe I with 6 normal setae, Ge I with 4 and Ti I with 6 normal setae, Ti III 44–47

Genus C




Deposition of specimens

Whenever possible, authors are advised to deposit type specimens in national or international public museums or collections. Authors are also advised to request registration numbers of deposited material in advance of the acceptance of papers to avoid unnecessary delay of publication. Some countries (e.g. Australia) require that primary type specimens be deposited in collections of the country of origin; authors are advised to take this into consideration.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. Confirm that all the research meets the ethical guidelines, including adherence to the legal requirements of the study country.

Copyright Notice

In submitting a manuscript, authors accept all terms of copyright.
Persian Journal of Acarology is under free license .
The open-access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons-BY-NC-ND which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. 
You are free: to copy and distribute the work.
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Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.

Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the author's moral rights.


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