Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11158/saa.23.2.4

The spider mites of the genus Oligonychus Berlese (Acari: Tetranychidae) from Iran

Masoumeh Khanjani, Mohammad Khanjani, Owen Seeman

Abstract


Two new species of the genus Oligonychus Berlese, namely O. shojaeii sp. nov. and O. hamedaniensis sp. nov., are described from plane trees, Platanus orientalis L. (Platanaceae), in Hamedan, Hamedan province, Iran. Four species are re-described based on new Iranian material: O. afrasiaticus (McGregor, 1939), O. coniferarum (McGregor, 1950), O. punicae (Hirst, 1926) and O. saccharinus Baker & Pritchard, 1960. Among them O. saccharinus is the most important pest on sugarcane farms in southern Iran. All active life stages are described for all species except O. afrasiaticus, allowing us to confirm the ontogenetic patterns of leg setae in the Tetranychini. We refine the definition of the ununguis species group and discuss taxonomic problems relating to the members of this species group, and also regarding the identification of O. sacchari (McGregor, 1942) and O. saccharinus.


Keywords


New species, taxonomy, Hamedan, Tetranychini, plane tree

References


Baker, E.W. & Pritchard, A.E. (1960) The tetranychoid mites of Africa. Hilgardia, 29, 455‒574.

https://doi.org/10.3733/hilg.v29n11p455

Baker, E.W. & Pritchard, A.E. (1962) Arañas rojas de América Central (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural, 23, 309‒340.

Baker, E.W. & Tuttle, D.M. (1994) A guide to the spider mites (Tetranychidae) of the United States. Indira Publishing House, West Bloomfield, USA, 347 pp.

Banks, N. (1894) Some new American Acarina. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 21, 209‒222.

Beard, J.J., Walter, D.E. & Allsopp, P.G. (2003) Spider mites of sugarcane in Australia: a review of grass-feeding Oligonychus Berlese (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 42, 51–78.

https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-6055.2003.00326.x

Berlese A. (1886) Acari Dannosi Alle Piante Coltivate. Sacchetto, Padova, Italy, 31 pp.

Beyzavi, G., Ueckermann, E.A., Faraji, F. & Ostovan, H. (2013) A catalog of Iranian prostigmatic mites of superfamilies Raphignathoidea & Tetranychoidea (Acari). Persian Journal of Acarology, 2, 389–474.

Ehara, S. (1962) Tetranychoid mites of conifers in Hokkaido. Journal of the Faculty of Sciences, Hokkaido University, Series VI, Zoology, 15, 157–175.

Ehara, S. (1999) Revision of the spider mite family Tetranychidae of Japan (Acari, Prostigmata). Species Diversity, 4, 63–141.

Estebanes-Gonzalez, M.L. & Baker, E.W. (1966) Arañas rojas de Mexico (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, 15, 61–133.

Flechtmann, C.H.W. & Knihinicki, D.K. (2002) New species and new record of Tetranychus Dufour from Australia, with a key to the major groups in this genus based on females (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 41, 118–127.

https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-6055.2002.00289.x

Gutierrez, J. (1970) Tetranychidae nouveaux de Madagascar (Sixième note). Acarologia, 12, 714–731.

Hirst, S. (1926) Descriptions of new mites including four new species of "red spider ". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 825–841.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1926.tb07130.x

Jacobi, A. (1905) Eine Spinnmilbe (Tetranychus ununguis n. sp.) als Koniferenschädling. Naturwissenschaften Zeitschrift für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, 3, 269-247.

Jeppson, L.R., Keifer, H.H. & Baker, E.W. (1975) Mites Injurious to Economic Plants. Berkeley, University of California Press, 614 pp. + 74 plates.

Lindquist, E.E. (1985) Chapter 1.1 Anatomy, Phylogeny and Systematics. In: Helle, W. & Sabelis, M.W. (Eds.), Spider Mites. Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 3–28.

McGregor, E.A. (1914) Four new tetranychids. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 7, 354–364.

https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/7.4.354

McGregor, E.A. (1917) Description of seven new species of red spiders. Proceedings of the U. S. National Museum, 51, 581–590.

https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.51-2167.581

McGregor, E.A. (1939) The specific identity of the American date mite; description of two new species of Paratetranychus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 41, 247–256.

McGregor, E.A. (1942) A new spinning mite attacking sugar cane in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Agricultural University of Puerto Rico, 26, 91–94.

McGregor, E.A. (1950) Mites of the family Tetranychidae. American Midland Naturalist, 44, 257–420.

https://doi.org/10.2307/2421963

McGregor, E.A. (1955) Notes on the spider mites of Ecuador. Revista Ecuat. Entomol. Parasitol., 2, 365–377.

Meyer, M.K.P.S. (1974) A revision of the Tetranychidae of Africa (Acari) with a key to the genera of the world. Entomology Memoir, Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Republic of South Africa, 36, 1–291.

Meyer, M.K.P.S. (1987) African Tetranychidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with reference to the world genera. Entomology Memoir. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. Republic of South Africa, 69, 1–175.

Migeon, A. & Dorkeld, F. (2006–2017) Spider Mites Web: a comprehensive database for the Tetranychidae. http://www.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP/spmweb

Nietner, J. (1861) Observations on the enemies of the coffee tree in Ceylon. Colombo, Ceylon, 31 pp.

Parsi, B. (1979) Oligonychus gutierrezi n. sp. un nouveau Tétranyque de l'Iran. Entomologie et Phytopathologie Appliquées, 47, 205–207.

Pritchard, A.E. & Baker, E.W. (1955) A revision of the spider mite family Tetranychidae. Memoirs Series, Pacific Coast Entomological Society, 2, 472.

Rahman, K.A. & Sapra, A.N. (1940) Mites of the family Tetranychidae from Lyallpur with descriptions of four new species. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science, Ser. B, 11, 17–196.

Reck, G.F. (1947) New species of tetranychid mites from Georgia. (Tetranychidae, Acari). Soobshcheniya Akademii Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR, 8, 471–475.

Rimando, L.C. (1962) The tetranychoid mites of the Philippines. University of the Philippines, College of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin, 11, 1–52.

Saito, Y., Kotaro, M. & Chittenden, A.R. (1999) Body characters reflecting the body size of spider mites in flattened specimens (Acari, Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 34, 383–386.

https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.34.383

Seeman, O.D. & Beard, J.J. (2011) Identification of exotic pest and Australian native and naturalised species of Tetranychus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Zootaxa, 2961, 1–72.

Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. & Zhang, L. (2017) A new Australian species of Eotetranychus (Acari: Tetranychidae) from buck spinifex Triodia mitchelli (Poaceae), intraspecific variation in Eotetranychus, and the synonymy of Platytetranychus with Eotetranychus. Zootaxa, 4324, 491–517.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4324.3.5

Shimer, H. (1869) Descriptions of two acarians bred from white maple (Acer dasycarpum). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 2, 319–320.

Smiley, R.L. & Baker, E.W. (1995) A report on some tetranychid mites (Acari: Prostigmata) from Yemen. International Journal of Acarology, 21(3), 135–164.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01647959508684055

Targioni Tozzetti, A. (1878) Relazione interno ai lavori della Stazione di entomologia agraria di Firenze per l'anno 1876. Acaridei. Annali di Agricoltura, 1, 242–275.

Tuttle, D.M. & Baker, E.W. (1968) Spider mites of Southwestern United States and a revision of the family Tetranychidae. The University of Arizona Press, Tuscon, USA, 143 pp.

Wainstein, B.A. (1960) Tetranychoid mites of Kazakhstan (with revision of the family). Trudy Nauchno-Issled instituta Zashchita Rastenii Kazakh, 5, 1–276.

Zaher, M.A., Gomaa, E.A. & El-Enany, M.A. (1982) Spider mites of Egypt (Acari: Tetranychidae). International Journal of Acarology, 8, 91–114.

Zaher, M.A. & Shehata, K.K. (1965) Oligonychus vitis n. sp. (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d Egypte, 49, 67–69.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01647958208683284


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society

ISSN 1362-1971