Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


The performance of Tetranychus urticae on five melon cultivars is correlated with leaf thickness

Dandan Xu, Ke Wang, Yating Zhang, Huaisong Wang, Qingjun Wu, Shaoli Wang


The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), is an important pest of melons. In this laboratory study, we used two-sex life table to evaluate the performance of T. urticae on five melon cultivars (IVF28, IVF118, IVF168, IVF437, and Yangjiaomi). We also evaluated the correlation between mite population growth and morphological characteristics of leaves. The results showed that the total immature time, adult longevity, total longevity, and fecundity of the spider mite differed among the cultivars. On IVF28, the values for the intrinsic rate of increase (r) and the finite rate of increase (λ) were 0.1638 d-1 and 1.1178 d-1, respectively, which were significantly lower than the values on IVF168, IVF118, or Yangjiaomi. Values for r and λ tended to be highest on IVF168. In addition, r values for T. urticae were not correlated with trichome density or stomatal density but were negatively correlated with melon leaf thickness. In summary, the different melon cultivars exhibited distinct levels of resistance to T. urticae and the IVF28 cultivar was considered the least favored for the growth and reproduction of T. urticae mites, and such differences of mite performance might be related to the leaf thickness, instead of trichome density or stomatal density.


Tetranychus urticae, melon cultivars, life table parameters, leaf thickness


Akköprü, E.P., Atlıhan R., Okut H. & Chi, H. (2015) Demographic assessment of plant cultivar resistance to insect pests: a case study of the dusky-veined walnut aphid (Hemiptera: Callaphididae) on five walnut cultivars. Journal of Economic Entomology, 108(2), 378–387.

Azadi Dana, E., Sadeghi, A., Maroufpoor, M., Khanjani, M., Babolhavaeji, H. & Ullah, M.S. (2018) Comparison of the life table and reproduction parameters of the Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidea) on five strawberry varieties. International Journal of Acarology, 44(6), 254–261.

Barzman, M., Bàrberi, P., Birch, A.N.E., Boonekamp, P., Dachbrodt-Saaydeh, S., Graf, B. & Lamichhane, J.R. (2015) Eight principles of integrated pest management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35(4), 1199–1215.

Bayu, M.S.Y.I., Ullah, M.S., Takano, Y. & Gotoh, T. (2017) Impact of constant versus fluctuating temperatures on the development and life history parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 72(3), 205–227.

Beard, J.J., Ochoa, R., Bauchan, G.R., Welbourn, W.C., Pooley, C. & Dowling, A.P. G. (2012) External mouthpart morphology in the Tenuipalpidae (Tetranychoidea): Raoiella a case study. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 57(3–4), 227–255.

Breda, M.O., de Oliveira, J.V., Esteves Filho, A.B., Barbosa, D.R.S. & de Santana, M.F. (2016) Host preference, population growth and injuries assessment of Polyphagotarsonemus latus (banks) (Acari: Tarsonemidae) on Capsicum annuum L. Genotypes. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 106(5), 672–678.

Cáceres, L.A., Lakshminarayan, S., Yeung, K.K.C., McGarvey, B.D., Hannoufa, A., Sumarah, M.W., Benitez, X. & Scott, I.M. (2016) Repellent and attractive effects of α-, β-, and dihydro-β-ionone to generalist and specialist herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 42(2), 107–117.

Chamarthi, S.K., Sharma, H.C., Vijay, P.M. & Narasu, M.L. (2011) Leaf surface chemistry of sorghum seedlings influencing expression of resistance to sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 20(2), 211–216.

Chen, X., Zhang, Y.X., Zhang, Y.P., Wei, H., Lin, J.Z., Sun, L. & Chen, F. (2017) Relative fitness of avermectin-resistant strain of Neoseiulus cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Systematic and Applied Acarology, 22(2), 184–193.

Chi, H. (1988) Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environmental Entomology, 17(1), 26–34.

Chi, H. (2016) TWOSEX-MSChart: a computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. (accessed 1 March 2017). National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Chi, H. & Liu, H. (1985) Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bulletin of Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica, 24(2), 225–240.

D'costa, L., Simmonds, M.S.J., Straw, N., Castagneyrol, B. & Koricheva J. (2014) Leaf traits influencing oviposition preference and larval performance of Cameraria ohridella on native and novel host plants. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 152(2), 157–164.

de França, S.M., Silva, P.R.R., Gomes-Neto, A.V., Gomes, R.L.F., da Silva Melo, J.W. & Breda, M.O. (2018) Resistance of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) to the red spider mite Tetranychus neocaledonicus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 1466.

Firdaus, S., Van Heusden, A., Harpenas, A., Supena, E.D., Visser, R.G. & Vosman, B. (2011) Identification of silverleaf whitefly resistance in pepper. Plant Breeding, 130(6), 708–714.

Firdaus, S., van Heusden, A. W., Hidayati, N., Supena, E.D.J., Visser, R.G. & Vosman, B. (2012) Resistance to Bemisia tabaci in tomato wild relatives. Euphytica, 187(1), 31–45.

Frei, A., Gu, H., Bueno, J. M., Cardona, C. & Dorn, S. (2003) Antixenosis and antibiosis of common beans to Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 96(5), 1577–1584.

Fürstenberg-Hägg, J., Zagrobelny, M. & Bak, S. (2013) Plant defense against insect herbivores. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14(5), 10242–10297.

Hasanvand, I., Jafari, S. & Khanjani, M. (2019) Life table parameters of Iranian population, Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) fed on soybean leaves. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 24(2), 231–250.

Hu, J., Wang, P., Su, Y., Wang, R., Li, Q. & Sun, K. (2015) Microsatellite diversity, population structure, and core collection formation in melon germplasm. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 33(3), 439–447.

Ilias, A., Vontas, J. & Tsagkarakou, A. (2014) Global distribution and origin of target site insecticide resistance mutations in Tetranychus urticae. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 48, 17–28.

Jindal, V. & Dhaliwal, G.S. (2011) Mechanisms of resistance in cotton to whitefly (Bemisia tabaci): antixenosis. Phytoparasitica, 39(2), 129–136.

Khanamani, M., Fathipour, Y. & Hajiqanbar, H. (2013) Population growth response of Tetranychus urticae to eggplant quality: application of female age-specific and age-stage, two-sex life tables. International Journal of Acarology, 39(8), 638–648.

Khederi, S.J., de Lillo, E., Khanjani, M. & Gholami, M. (2014) Resistance of grapevine to the erineum strain of Colomerus vitis (Acari: Eriophyidae) in western Iran and its correlation with plant features. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 63(1), 15–35.

Lucini, T., Faria, M.V., Rohde, C., Resende, J.T.V. & de Oliveira, J.R.F. (2015) Acylsugar and the role of trichomes in tomato genotypes resistance to Tetranychus urticae. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 9(1), 45–53.

Maleknia, B., Fathipour, Y. & Soufbaf, M. (2016) How greenhouse cucumber cultivars affect population growth and two-sex life table parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae). International Journal of Acarology, 42(2), 70–78.

Najafabadi, S.M., Shoushtari, R. V., Zamani, A.A., Arbabi, M. & Farazmand, H. (2014) Life parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on six common bean cultivars. Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(2), 614–622.

Okuda, S., Okuda, M., Sugiyama, M., Sakata, Y., Takeshita, M. & Iwai, H. (2013) Resistance in melon to Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus, a whitefly-transmitted crinivirus. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135(2), 313–321.

Pompon, J., Quiring, D., Giordanengo, P. & Pelletier, Y. (2010) Role of host-plant selection in resistance of wild Solanum species to Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Myzus persicae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 137(1), 73–85.

Rakha, M., Bouba, N., Ramasamy, S., Regnard, J.L. & Hanson, P. (2017a) Evaluation of wild tomato accessions (Solanum spp.) for resistance to two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) based on trichome type and acylsugar content. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 64(5), 1011–1022.

Rakha, M., Hanson, P. & Ramasamy, S. (2017b) Identification of resistance to Bemisia tabaci Genn. in closely related wild relatives of cultivated tomato based on trichome type analysis and choice and no-choice assays. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 64(2), 247–260.

Riga, M., Tsakireli, D., Ilias, A., Morou, E., Myridakis, A., Stephanou, E.G. & Vontas, J. (2014) Abamectin is metabolized by CYP392A16, a cytochrome P450 associated with high levels of acaricide resistance in Tetranychus urticae. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 46, 43–53.

Sarwar, M. (2013) Comparing abundance of predacious and phytophagous mites (Acarina) in conjunction with resistance identification between Bt and non-Bt cotton cultivars. African Entomology, 21(1), 108–118.

Sedaratian, A., Fathipour, Y. & Moharramipour, S. (2011) Comparative life table analysis of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on 14 soybean genotypes. Insect Science, 18(5), 541–553.

Shakarami, J. & Bazgir, F. (2017) Effect of temperature on life table parameters of Phytoseius plumifer (Phytoseiidae) fed on Eotetranychus hirsti (Tetranychidae). Systematic and Applied Acarology, 22(3), 410–423.

Shakoor, A., Sabri, M.A., Afzal, M. & Bashir, M.H. (2010) Role of plant morphological characters towards resistance of some cultivars of tomato against phytophagous mites (Acari) under green house conditions. Pakistan. Journal of Life and Social Sciences, 8(2), 131–136.

Shoorooei, M., Lotfi, M., Nabipour, A., Mansouri, A.I., Kheradmand, K., Zalom, F.G. & Parsafar, A. (2013) Antixenosis and antibiosis of some melon (Cucumis melo) genotypes to the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) and a possible mechanism for resistance. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 88(1), 73–78.

Silva, M.S., Lourenção, A.L., de Souza-Dias, J.A.C., Miranda Filho, H.D.S., Ramos, V.J. & Schammass, E.A. (2008) Resistance of potato genotypes (Solanum spp.) to Bemisia tabaci biotype B. Horticultura Brasileira, 26(2), 221–226.

Skorupska, A. (1998) Morphologico-anatomical structure of leaves and demographic parameters of the hawthorn spider mite, Tetranychus viennensis Zacher and the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Koch)(Acarina, Tetranychidae) on selected scab-resistant apple varieties. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122(1–5), 493–496.

Van Leeuwen, T., Vontas, J., Tsagkarakou, A., Derauw, W. & Tirry, L. (2010) Acaricide resistance mechanisms in the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae and other important Acari: a review. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 40(8), 563–572.

Wang, L., Zhang, Y.J., Xie, W., Wu, Q.J. & Wang, S.L. (2015) A bioassay for evaluation of the resistance of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) to selected acaricides. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 20(6), 579–591.

Wang, Z.L., Li, C.R., Yuan, J.J., Li, S.X., Wang, X.P., & Chi, H. (2017) Demographic Comparison of Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Reared on Three Cultivars of Solanum melongena L. and a Wild Hostplant Solanum nigrum L. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110(5), 2084–2091.

War, A.R., Paulraj, M.G., Ahmad, T., Buhroo, A.A., Hussain, B., Ignacimuthu, S. & Sharma, H.C. (2012) Mechanisms of plant defense against insect herbivores. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 7(10), 1306–1320.

Warabieda, W. & Solomon, M. (2003) Influence of leaf pubescence on the behavior of the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) and the European red mite (Panonychus ulmi). Acta Agrobotanica, 56(1–2), 109–115.

Wu, J. X., Zhao, J., & Zhang, L. (2013) Regional distribution and development countermeasures of the dominant watermelon and melon productive areas in China. China Vegetables, (17), 1–5.

Xu, D.D., Zhang, Y.J., Wang, H.S. & Wang, S.L. (2018a) Feeding preference of Aphis gossypii Glover on different melon varieties. China Vegetables, (7), 60–63.

Xu, D.D., He, Y.Y., Zhang, Y.J., Xie, W., Wu, Q.J. & Wang, S.L. (2018b) Status of pesticide resistance and associated mutations in the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, in China. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 150, 89–96.

Yin, W.D., Yan, W.T., Qiu, G.S., Zhang, H.J., Ma, C.S., Wang, K., Gao, Y. & Yue, Q. (2012) Advances in research on resistant identification and mechanism of apple varieties to mites. Journal of Agriculture, 2, 11–17.

Zou, L.P., Sun, X.H., Zhang, Z.G., Liu, P., Wu, J.X., Tian, C. J. & Lu, T.G. (2011) Leaf rolling controlled by the homeodomain leucine zipper class IV gene Roc5 in rice. Plant Physiology, 156(3), 1589–1602.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society

ISSN 1362-1971